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A disorder in the body’s ability to control and utilise sugar (glucose) as fuel is type 2 diabetes. This chronic (long-term) condition causes the bloodstream to circulate with an excessive amount of sugar. Over time, circulatory, nervous, and immune system disorders can result from high blood sugar levels.
There are primarily two interconnected issues at play in type 2 diabetes. The hormone that controls the flow of sugar into your cells, insulin, is not produced by your pancreas in sufficient amounts, which causes your cells to react poorly to insulin and absorb less sugar.
Although type 1 and type 2 diabetes can start in childhood and adulthood, respectively, type 2 diabetes used to be known as adult-onset diabetes. Although type 2 is more prevalent in older adults, type 2 cases have increased in younger people as a result of the rise in childhood obesity.
Although there is no cure for type 2 diabetes, you can manage the condition by losing weight, eating healthfully, and exercising. You may also require diabetes medications or insulin therapy to control your blood sugar if diet and exercise are insufficient.